Have you ever been getting good information on a gardening
topic that you really wanted to know about, and then the source of the information started to
use a botanical term you weren't familiar with? It can be extremely frustrating as different
experts will be prone to using their favorite set of terms and descriptions. The GreenWeb is
determined to demystify this lingo by providing a comprehensive listing of common and uncommon
gardening terms that are never more than a few clicks away from any topic you read here. Some
terms you could write a book on (as many have), but we will attempt to condense the basic
meaning of the item in the briefest possible format.
Below is GreenWeb's Complete Gardening Glossary for your terminology
edification. You can click on the letter of your choice to take you directly to the listing
you need. If you know of any words or terms that should be a part of our brief listing,
please E-mail us with it's definition and we'll include it as well.
- A -
ACID MEDIUM -- A compost which contains little
or no lime and has a pH of less than 6.5. Sometimes referred to as "sour" soil by
AERATION -- The loosening of soil by digging
or other mechanical means to allow air to pass freely.
AERIAL ROOT -- A root which grows out from the
stem above ground level. Aerial roots are commonly seen on mature specimens of Monstera
AEROBIC -- Usually used for describing a
characteristic of compost heaps. Describes organisms living or occurring only in the presence of
AIR LAYERING -- A method of propagating single-stem
plants, such as Ficus elastica decora, which have lost their lower leaves and become leggy. An
incision is made to a portion of outer stem layer, damp sphagnum moss is wrapped in a bag around it
until roots develop. Then it is cut and replanted with its shorter stem size.
ALKALINE SOIL -- Soil that has a pH level of
about 7.0 or more. Sometimes referred to as "sweet" soil by gardeners.
ALTERNATE -- Leaf form, where the leaves are
arranged singly at different heights on the stem. Compare opposite and whorled.
ANAEROBIC -- Describes organisms living or
occurring when oxygen is absent. Usually term used when talking about compost heaps.
ANNUAL -- A plant which completes its life
cycle within one year of germination. Compare biennial and perennial.
ANTHER -- The part of the flower which
produces pollen. It is the upper section of the stamen.
APICAL -- At the tip of a branch.
AQUATIC -- Plant which grows partially or
completely in water.
AREOLE -- A small well-defined area, usually
hairy and cushion-like, found on the stem of cacti. From them arise spinesorglochids.
ASEXUAL -- Vegetative reproductions - e.r. cuttings
AWL-SHAPED -- A narrow leaf which tapers to a stiff
AXIL -- The angle between the upper surface of a
leaf or leaf stalk and the stem that carries it. A growth or flower bud ("axillary bud") often
appears in the axil.
- B -
BARE-ROOT -- Usually referring to decidious
shrubs and trees, and some other perennials, with all the soil removed from their roots that are
sold at nurseries.
BEARDED -- A petal bearing a tuft or row of
BEDDING PLANT -- Plants suitable for massing
in beds for their colorful flowers or foliage. Usually annuals.
BICOLOR -- A flower with petals which bear two
distinctly different colors.
BIENNIAL -- A plant which completes its life
cycle in two seasons. Compare annual and perennial.
BIGENERIC -- A hybrid produced by crossing two
BIOLOGICAL PEST CONTROL -- Using living
organisms such as beneficial insects or parasites to destroy garden pests.
BLADE -- The expanded part of a leaf or
BLEEDING -- The loss of sap from plant tissues
which have been cut.
BLIND -- The loss of the growing point, resulting
in stoppage of growth. Also, failure to produce flowers or fruit.
BLOOM -- A natural mealy or waxy coating covering
the leaves of some house plants.
BOLT -- Annual vegetables or flowers that grow
quickly to flowering stage at the expense of their best overall development.
BONSAI -- The art of dwarfing trees by careful
root and stem pruning coupled with root restriction.
BOSS -- A ring of prominent and decorative
BOTANICAL NAME -- The Latin scientific name of
a plant is its botanical name. There is only one botanical name per plant so if you want a specific
variety, use it's botanical name to be sure you're getting what you want.
BOTTLE GARDEN -- A form of terrarium in which a
large and heavy glass container such as a carboy is used.
BOTTOM HEAT -- Undersurface heat provided in
the soil by electric cables or hot water pipes.
BRACT -- A modified leaf, often highly colored
and sometimes mistaken for a petal. Examples of house plants with showy bracts are Poinsettia,
Aphelandra and Bougainvillea.
BREAK -- Production of a side shoot after
removal of the growing point.
BULB -- A storage organ, usually formed below
ground level, used for propagation. A true bulb consists of fleshy scales surrounding the central
bud, but the term is often loosely applied to corms, rhizomes and tubers.
BULBIL -- An immature small bulb formed on the stem
of a plant; e.g Lily.
BULBLET -- An immature small bulb formed at the
base of a mature bulb; e.g Hyacinth.
- C -
CALCITIC LIMESTONE -- A common material used
for 'liming' soil that has an acid level that is too high. This type is most commonly used and
contains calcium carbonate.
CALICHE -- A soil condition found in some
areas of the arid Southwest, or as the result of synthetic fertilizers, caliche is a deposit of
calcium carbonate (lime) beneath the soil surface. This condition is more commonly called 'hardpan'
and creates an impervious layer in lower levels of soil.
CALYX -- The outer ring of flower parts,
usually green but sometimes colored.
CAPILLARY ACTION -- The natural upward movement of
water in confined areas, such as the spaces between soil particles.
CARBOY -- A large and heavy glass vessel,
originally designed for the storage of chemicals but now commonly used as a container for bottle
CARNIVOROUS -- Used in the gardening world to
denote a plant (usually tropical) that typically lives in highly acidic soil that doesn't
adequately provide enough nourishment. Nature has adapted these plants to trap and consume insects
for this need. An example is the Venus Flytrap plant.
CHLOROSIS -- An abnormal yellowing or blanching of
the leaves due to lack of chlorophyll.
CLADODE -- A modified stem which has taken on the
form of a leaf; e.g the needlelike "leaves" of Asparagus Fern.
COLORED LEAF -- Leaves with one or more colors
apart from green, white or cream are distinctly present.
COMPOST -- Usual meaning for the house plant
grower is a potting or seed/cutting mixture made from peat ("soilless compost") or sterilized soil
("loam compost") plus other materials such as sand, lime and fertilizer. Compost is also a term for
decomposed organic matter such is what's left after a compost heap has degraded vegetable and
animal matter. An excellent source of organic material for rebuilding and enriching
COMPOST HEAP / COMPOSTING -- The result and
act of combining organic materials under controlled conditions so that the original raw ingredients
are transformed by decay and degradation into humus (or compost).
COMPOUND FLOWER -- A flower made up of many
florets, e.g Chrysanthemum.
COMPOUND LEAF -- A leaf made up or two or more
leaflets attached to the leaf stalk; e.g Schefflera.
CONSERVATORY -- A structure composed partly or
entirely of glass. attached to the house and within which a large number of plants are grown and
CORM -- A swollen, underground stem base used for
propagation; e.g Crocus.
COROLLA -- The ring of separate or fused petals
which is nearly always responsible for the main floral display.
COVER CROP -- A crop grown to protect and
enrich the soil or to control weeds.
CRESTED -- Cockscomb-like growth of leaves, stems
or flowers. Other name -- cristate.
CROCK -- A piece of broken pot used to help
drainage. Almost always referring to clay or ceramic pieces.
CROWN -- The region where shoot and root join,
usually at or very near ground level.
CULTIVAR -- Used when determining plant names.
Indicates the variety originated in cultivation and not the wild. This portion of a plants name is
usually not Latin.
CUTTING -- A piece of a plant (leaf, stem or root)
which can be used to produce a new plant.
CYME -- A flat-topped or domed flower head in
which the flowers at the center open first.
- D -
DAMPING OFF -- Decay of young seedlings at ground
level following fungal attack. Often the result of soil borne diseases and over
DEAD-HEADING -- The removal of faded heads of
DECAY CYCLE -- The changes that occur as
plants grow, die, and break down in the soil.
DECIDUOUS -- These are plants that loose their
leaves at the end of the growing season. Maple trees are a good example.
DIOCECIOUS -- A plant which bears either male or
female flowers. (Compare to Monoecious)
DISC (DISK) -- The flat central part of a
compound flower. It is made up of short, tubular florets.
DISTILLED WATER -- Pure water free from dissolved
salts. Formerly made by distillation, now produced chemically by demineralisation.
DIVISION -- A method of propagating plants by
separating each one into two or more sections and then repotting.
DOLOMITIC LIMESTONE -- Sometimes used when
'liming' soil that has an acid pH level that is too high. As it contains calcium and
magnesium carbonate it should be used only with soils that are also deficient in
magnesium as well. (See also Calcitic Limestone)
DORMANT PERIOD (DORMANCY) -- The time when a
plant has naturally stopped growing and the leaves have fallen or the top growth has died down. The
dormant period is usually, but not always, in winter. Compare resting period.
DOUBLE FLOWER -- The Latin name for this is "flore
pleno." It refers to flowers that have many petals present, such as roses.
DOUBLE POTTING -- An American term for placing a
potted plant in a larger pot with damp peat moss surrounding it. The peat is kept moist and
provides a humid evaporative effect for the potted plant nestled between it.
DRAWN -- Excessively tall and weak growth, caused
by plants being grown in too little light or too closely together.
- E -
ENTIRE LEAF -- An undivided and unserrated
EPIPHYTE -- A plant which grows above ground
attaching itself to trees or rocks. The Amazon Air Plant seen in many nurseries is a good
EVAPOTRANSPIRATION -- Abreviated as ET, it is
the amount of water that transpires through a plants leaves combined with the amount that
evaporates from the soil in which it is growing. Used as a guide for how much water a plant needs
EVERGREEN -- A plant which retains its leaves in a
living state during the winter.
EVERLASTING -- Flowers with papery petals which
retain some or all of their color when dried for winter decorations.
EXOTIC -- Strictly speaking, a plant which is
not native to the area, but popularly any unusual or striking plant, like those grown from
EYE -- Two unrelated meanings -- an undeveloped
growth bud or the center of a flower.
- F -
F1 HYBRID -- A first generation offspring of two
purebred strains. An Fl hybrid is generally more vigorous than an ordinary hybrid.
FAMILY -- One genus or several genera which have a
basically similar floral pattern make up a family.
FERTILIZE(RS) -- The act of or the actual
substance added to soil to provide additional nutrients for plants. May also be used to describe
the pollination process flowers undergo with the help of bees and other insects.
FIBROUS-ROOTED -- A root system which contains many
thin roots rather than a single tap root.
FLAT -- A shallow box or tray used to start
cuttings or seedlings.
FLORET -- A small flower which is part of a much
larger compound flower head; e.g Cineraria.
FLOWER SPIKE -- A flower head made up of a central
stem with the flowers growing directly on it.
FOILIAR FERTILIZER -- A fertilizer applied in
liquid form to a plant's foliage in a fine spray so that the plant can absorb the nutrients through
FORCING -- The process of making a plant grow or
flower before its natural season.
FROND -- A leaf of a fern or palm.
FUNGICIDE -- A chemical used to control diseases
caused by fungi.
FUNGUS -- A primitive form of plant life which is
known to the house plant grower as the most common cause of infectious disease -- powdery mildew.
sooty mould and area mould.
- G -
GENUS -- Used when naming plants. Genus is the
plant equivalent of our surnames. When followed by the name of the 'Species' you have it's
botanical name. Almost always in Latin.
GERMINATION -- The first stage in the development
of a plant from seed.
GIRDLING -- The choking of a branch by a wire,
rope or other inflexible material which usually occurs most often in woody stemmed plants that have
been tied down too tightly without regard for growth.
GLABROUS -- Plant surface which is smooth and
GLAUCOUS -- Plant surface which is covered
with a bluish-gray bloom.
GLOCHID -- A small hooked hair borne on some
GRAFTING -- The process of joining a stem or
bud of one plant on to the stem of another.
GREEN MANURE -- A crop (such as rye grass)
that is grown and then incorporated into the soil to increase soil fertility or organic matter
content. Usually turned over into the soil a few weeks before new planting begins.
GROUND COVER -- A plant used to provide a
low-growing carpet between other plants.
GROWING POINT -- The tip of a stem, which is
responsible for extension growth.
- H -
HALF HARDY -- An indoor plant which requires a
minimum temperature of 50"-55"F for healthy growth. Compare hardy and tender.
HARDENING OFF -- Gradual acclimatization to colder
conditions. Usually used when talking about transplanting of greenhouse plants or seedlings. Can be
as simple as moving outside into a protected area for a short time, to more involved
HARDY -- A plant which can withstand prolonged
exposure to temperatures at or below 45"F. Compare half hardy and tender.
HEEL -- A strip of bark and wood remaining at the
base of a side shoot cutting pulled off a main shoot. Some cuttings root more readily if a heel is
HERB -- A plant grown for flavoring or medicinal
HERBACEOUS -- A plant with a non-woody
HONEYDEW -- Sticky, sugary secretion deposited on
plants by insects such as aphid and whitefly.
HOUSE PLANTS -- Plants that are grown and
raised indoors in containers.
HUMIDIFIER -- A piece of equipment used to raise
the humidity of the air in a room.
HUMUS -- A dark colored, stable form of
organic matter that remains after most of plant or animal residues have decomposed.
HYBRID -- A plant with parents which are
genetically distinct. The parent plants may be different cultivars, varieties, species or genera
but not different families.
HYDROPONICS -- A method of growing a plant in water
containing dissolved nutrients.
HYGROMETER -- An instrument used to measure the
Relative Humidity of the air.
- I -
INFLORESCENCE -- The arrangement of flowers on the
stem. A flower head.
INOCULANTS -- A seed treatment medium that
contains the sybiotic rhizobial bacteria to capture nitrogen when in contact with legume
INORGANIC -- A chemical or fertilizer which is not
obtained from a source which is or has been alive.
INSECTICIDE -- A chemical (synthetic or organic)
used to kill or repel insects.
INTERNODE - The part of the stem between one
node and another.
- J -
JOINT -- (See Node)
- K -
KNOCKING OUT -- The temporary removal of a plant
from its pot in order to check the condition of the root ball.
KEEL -- A boat-shaped structure formed by the two
lower petals of many members of the Leguminosae.
- L -
LATEX -- Milky sap which exudes from cut surfaces
of a few house plants, such as Ficus elastica decora and Euphorbia.
LEACHING -- A similar concept to making tea
which leaches out the flavor of the tea leaves. This concept regards how water will rinse bad
substances (like salt) or good ones (like nutrients) down deep into the soil or as
LEAF MOULD -- Partially decayed leaves used in some
potting mixtures. It must be sieved and sterilized before use.
LEAFLET -- A leaf-like section of a compound
LEGGY -- Abnormally tall and spindly growth
LEGUME -- A plant whose roots form an
association with soilborne bacteria that can capture atmospheric nitrogen. A good example of this
LOAM -- Good quality soil used in preparing
compost. Adequate supplies of clay, sand and fiber must be present.
LONG DAY PLANT -- A plant which requires light for
a longer period than it would normally receive from daylight in order to induce flowering; e.g
- M -
MACRAME -- Decoratively knotted rope or cord
forming a harness-like structure for hanging pots.
MANURE -- An organic material excreted by
animals (usually from steer is sold commonly) this is used as a fertilizer and an amendment to
enrich the soil.
MICROCLIMATE -- The warmth and humidity of the
air in close proximity to a plant. It may differ significantly from the general climate of the
MICROCUTTING -- A plant produced by
micropropagation -- a modern technique using tiny pieces of the parent plant on a sterile nutrient
MICROORGANISMS -- Animals and plants that are too
small to be seen clearly with the naked eye.
MIST PROPAGATION -- The ideal method of propagation
under glass, using automatic mist generators and soil heaters.
MONOECIOUS -- A plant which bears both male
and female flowers. (Compare to Dioecious)
MOUTH -- The open end of a bell shaped or
MULCH -- Any loose, usually organic material
placed over the soil as a protective covering or for decorative purposes. Common mulches are ground
bark, saw dust, leaves or straw.
MULTICOLOR -- A flower with petals which bear at
least three distinctly different colors.
MUTATION -- A sudden change in the genetic
make-up of a plant, leading to a new feature. This new feature can be inherited.
- N -
NEUTRAL -- Neither acid nor alkaline; pH
NITROGEN CYCLE -- The transformation of
nitrogen from an atmospheric gas to organic compounds in the soil, then to compounds in plants and
eventually the release of nitrogen gas back into the atmosphere.
NITROGEN FIXATION -- The capture and
conversion of atmospheric nitrogen gas into nitrogen compounds, stored in the soil, that can be
used by plants.
NODE -- The point on a stem where a leaf or bud is
- O -
OFFSET -- A young plantlet which appears on a
mature plant. An offset can generally be detached and used for propagation.
OPPOSITE -- Leaf form, where the leaves are
arranged in opposite pairs along the stem. Compare alternate.
ORGANIC -- A chemical or fertilizer which is
obtained from a source which is or has been alive. Also the general term used for a type of
gardening using no chemical or synthetic fertilizers or pesticides.
OSMUNDA FIBER -- The roots of the fern Osmunda
regalis, used for making Orchid Compost.
OVER-POTTING -- Repotting a plant into a pot which
is too large to allow successful establishment.
- P -
PALMATE LEAF -- Five or more lobes arising from one
point -- hand-like.
PEAT (Feat moss in the U.S) -- Partially decomposed
sphagnum moss or sedge used in making composts. Valuable for its pronounced air- and water-holding
capacity and its freedom from weeds and disease organisms.
PEBBLE TRAY -- Grouping potted plants within a
shallow, pebble filled tray in order to maintain humidity in an environment with central heating.
Water is poured into the pebbles and evaporates up and around the plants.
PEDICEL -- The stalk of an individual
PEDUNCLE -- The stalk of an flower head. (see also
PENDANT -- Hanging.
PERENNIAL -- A plant which will live for three
years or more under normal conditions.
PERFOLIATE -- Paired leaves which fuse around the
PERILITE -- A mineral expanded by heating to
form very lightweight, porous white granules useful in container soil mixes to enhance moisture and
PETAL -- One of the divisions of the corolla
-- generally the showy part of the flower.
PETIOLE -- A leaf stalk.
pH -- A measure of acidity and alkalinity.
Below pH 6.5 is acid, above pH 7.5 is alkaline.
PHYLLODE -- A leaf stalk expanded to look like and
act like a leaf.
PICOTEE -- Term applied to a narrow band of color
on a pale ground at the edge of a petal.
PINCHING OUT -- The removal of the growing point of
a stem to induce bushiness or to encourage flowering. Also known as stopping.
PINNATE LEAF -- A series of leaflets arranged on
either side of a central stalk.
PIP -- Two distinct meanings -- the seed of some
fruits (e.g Orange) and the rootstock of some flowering plants (e.g Convallaria).
PISTIL -- The female reproductive parts of the
PLANT WINDOW -- Double window with plants grown in
the space between.
PLUG -- A small but well-rooted seedling raised in
a cellular tray and sold for growing on.
PLUNGING -- The placing of a pot up to its rim
outdoors in soil, peat or ashes.
POLLEN -- The yellow dust produced by the anters.
It is the male element which fertilized the ovule.
POT-BOUND -- A plant growing in a pot which is too
small to allow proper leaf and stem growth.
POTTING ON -- The repotting of a plant into a
proper-sized larger pot which will allow continued root development.
PRICKING OUT -- The moving of seedlings from
the tray or pot in which they were sown to other receptacles where they can be spaced out
PROPAGATION -- In gardening usage, this refers
to the many different ways of starting new plants.
PRUNING -- A method of cutting off leaves or
branches within limits in order to remove dead or diseased foliage or branches. Also used to
control or direct growth, increase quality or yield of flowers or fruit and to ensure growth
position of main branches to enhance structural strength. (See Bonsai for ornamental reasons as
- Q -
- R -
RESTING PERIOD -- The time when a plant has
naturally stopped growing but when there is little or no leaf fall. Compare dormant
RETICULATE -- Marked with a branched network of
veins or fibers.
RHIZOME -- A thickened stem which grows
horizontally below or on the soil surface.
ROOT BALL -- Matted roots plus enclosed soil within
a the pot of a container grown plant.
ROOTING HORMONE -- A chemical in powder or liquid
form which promotes the formation of roots at the base of a cutting.
ROSETTE -- Term applied to a whorl of leaves
arising at the base of a plant.
ROW COVERS -- Several types of semitransparent
materials used to cover plants, trapping heat, enhancing growth, and provide protection from frost
RUGOSE -- Rough and wrinkled.
RUNNER -- A creeping stem which produces small
plantlets along its length. Sometimes called a 'Stolen.'
- S -
SELF-COLOR -- A flower with single colored
SEPAL -- One of the divisions of the
SERRATE -- Saw-edged leaf design.
SESSILE -- A stalkless leaf or flower which is
borne directly on the stem.
SHEET COMPOSTING -- A method of spreading
undecomposed organic materials over the soil's surface, then working them into the soil to
decompose, rather than piling them and spreading the resulting compost. (see also Green
SHORT DAY PLANT -- A plant which requires light for
a shorter period than it would normally receive from daylight in order to induce flowering; e.g
Chrysanthemum and Poinsettia.
SHRUB -- A woody plant with a framework of branches
and little or no central stem. Compare tree.
SINGLE FLOWER -- A flower with a normal amount of
petals present, arranged in a single row. Daisies are a good example of this type.
SOIL POLYMERS -- Super absorbent polymers
recently developed that can increase water retention of soils. They can absorb hundreds of time
their weight in water and are primarily used in container bound plants.
SPADIX -- A fleshy flower spike in which tiny
florets are embedded.
SPATHE -- A large bract, sometimes highly
colored, surrounding or enclosing a spadix. The spathe flower is characteristic of the aroids, such
as Anthurium and Spathiphyllum.
SPECIES -- Used when naming plants. Designates a
specific species of the 'Genus' and is best described as the plant worlds equivalent to our
Christian names (or first names). Will follow the Genus name and is usually in Latin. Note: Once a
plants full name is used, i.e. Hedera helix, future listings will abbreviate the Genus name and
follow it with the species name. An example would be, H. helix, as the next plant in a
SPHAGNUM MOSS -- Various mosses native to bogs
are sphagnum. Often used for the lining of hanging baskets and for air layering. (See Air
SPORE -- A reproductive cell of nonflowering
plants, such as ferns.
SPORT -- A plant which shows a marked and
inheritable change from its parent; a mutation.
STAMEN -- The male reproductive parts of a
STANDARD -- A plant which does not normally grow as
a tree but is trained into a tree-like form.
STERILIZED SOIL -- A rather misleading term, as
steam- or chemically sterilized soil is only partially sterilized. Harmful organisms have been
killed but helpful bacteria have been spared.
STIGMA -- The part of the female organ of the
flower which catches the pollen.
STIPULE -- A small outgrowth at the base of the
STOLON -- See runner.
STOPPING -- See pinching out.
STOVE PLANT -- A plant which requires warm
greenhouse conditions in winter.
STRAIN -- A selection of a variety, cultivar or
species which is raised from seed.
SUCCULENT -- Succulents plants have leaves and/or
stems which are thick and fleshy. They often have waxy outer layers that allow the plants to retain
SUCKER -- A shoot which arises from an underground
shoot or root of a plant.
SYSTEMIC -- A pesticide which goes inside the plant
and travels in the sap stream.
- T -
TAP ROOT -- A strong root, sometimes swollen, which
grows vertically into the soil or compost.
TENDER -- An indoor plant which requires a minimum
temperature of 60"F. Occasional short exposure to temperatures below this level may be tolerated.
Compare hardy and half hardy.
TENDRIL -- A thread-like stem or leaf which clings
to any nearby support.
TERMINAL -- The uppermost bud or flower on a
TERRARIUM -- A partly or entirely closed glass
container used to house a collection of indoor plants.
TERRESTRIAL -- A plant which grows in the
TOPIARY -- The art of clipping and training woody
plants to form geometric shapes or intricate patterns. Box and Myrtle are suitable
TOPDRESS -- A process that means to apply on
the surface of soil. Usually referring to the spreading of organic material such as ground bark or
TRANSPIRATION -- The loss of water through the
pores of the leaf.
TREE -- A woody plant with a distinct central
trunk. Compare shrub.
TUBER -- A storage organ used for propagation. It
may be a fleshy root (e.g Dahlia) or a swollen underground stem.
- U -
UMBEL -- A part of the plant bearing flowers in
which all the flower stalks are of similar length and arise from the same point.
UNISEXUAL -- A flower of one sex only (See also
Monoecious and Dioecious)
- V -
VARIEGATED LEAF -- A green leaf design which
is blotched, edged or spotted with yellow, white or cream color.
VARIETY -- One of possibly many closely-related
plant species. The variety name is usually in Latin.
VERMICULITE -- This is a mineral called mica
that is heated and puffed up to form lightweight, sponge-like granules capable of holding both
water and air.
- W -
WEED -- An uninvited and usually unattractive
plant that surfaces in gardens. Usually seeds are delivered by winds, but not always.
WHORLED -- Leaf form, where three or more leaves
radiate from a single node.
- X -
XERISCAPE -- A patented name that stands for
XEROPHYTE -- A plant which is able to live
under very dry conditions.
- Y -
- Z -